Dr Priyank Patel

Spondylosis vs Spondylitis Dr Priyank Patel
Spondylosis vs Spondylitis Dr Priyank

Spondylosis vs Spondylitis: Exploring the Causes and Effective Management Strategies

Spondylosis and spondylitis are two terminologies that frequently confuse when discussing spine diseases. Despite their similar names, these disorders are different in terms of their symptoms, etiology, and available therapies. With insights from Dr Priyank Patel, a spondylosis specialist in Thane and a well-known expert in spinal health, we’ll get deep into the distinctions and similarities between spondylitis vs spondylosis in this post.

Dr Priyank Patel


Dr Priyank Patel

Priyank M. Patel is a renowned spine surgeon in Mumbai who specializes in treating spine-related conditions both surgically and non-surgically, with a focus on treating spine tumors. As one of the top endoscopic spine surgeons in Mumbai, Dr. Patel is well-known for his skill and commitment. His creative treatment options and dedication to patient care make him a great option for people looking for relief from spine disorders.

Dr Priyank Patel

Spondylosis : What Is It?

The basic term for age-related wear and tear on the vertebrae and spinal discs is spondylosis. It frequently affects the lower back spondylosis  and cervical spondylosis in the neck.

Common Spondylosis Symptoms

  • Tightness and back or neck pain
  • Limited range of motion
  • Arms and legs tingling or feeling numb
  • Pain, particularly when there is cervical spondylosis

“Spondylosis symptoms can vary widely, but often include chronic pain and stiffness,” says Dr. Priyank Patel. Effective symptom management can be achieved with early intervention.

Reasons behind Spondylosis

  • Poor posture and a sedentary
  • Age and wear and strain on the spine
  • Past spinal injuries
  • Genetic susceptibility

Dr. Priyank Patel states, “Spondylosis is primarily a result of the natural aging process, but lifestyle factors can significantly impact its progression and severity.”

Spondylosis diagnosis

  • Physical examination;
  • imaging studies (MRIs, CT scans, and X-rays); 
  • Neurological examinations to evaluate nerve function

What is Spondylitis?


Inflammation of the vertebrae is a symptom of spondylitis, which can cause stiffness and persistent pain. Ankylosing spondylitis is a frequent kind of spondylitis that mostly affects the sacroiliac joints and spine.

Ankylosing spondylitis, which mostly affects the spine and sacroiliac joints, is a frequent kind of spondylitis.

Spondylitis Types

  • Spondylitis with ankylosing
  • inflammatory arthritis
  • arthritis psoriatic

Spondylitis-Specific Symptoms

  • Constant stiffness and back discomfort
  • Pain that gets worse when you sit still – Weariness
  • A decrease in spine flexibility

According to Dr. Priyank Patel, spondylitis symptoms frequently start in early adulthood and can have a major influence on everyday activities if left untreated.

Reasons behind Spondylitis

  • Genetic elements, such as the HLA-B27 gene
  • Triggers in the environment
  • Deviations from the immune system

According to Dr. Priyank Patel, “Spondylitis differs from spondylosis in that it is frequently caused by autoimmune and genetic factors.”

Spondylitis diagnosis

  • Blood tests for CRP and ESR, two indicators of inflammation
  • HLA-B27 genetic testing
  • Imaging examinations (MRI, X-rays)

What Separates Spondylitis from Spondylosis

Comprehending the difference between spondylosis and spondylitis is essential for accurate diagnosis and management.

Clinical Difference

  • Spondylosis: Aging-related degenerative alterations to the spine.
  • Spondylitis: An inflammatory illness frequently inherited.Effects on the SpinEffects on the Spine

Effects on the Spine

  • Spondylosis: This condition causes joint problems, bone spurs, and disc degeneration.
  • Spondylitis: Produces long-term inflammation that, in extreme circumstances, may fuse the spine

Age Groups Most Impacted

  • Older persons are primarily affected by spondylosis.
  • Spondylitis: Usually identified in younger adults, especially in men

Spondylitis and Spondylosis Are Similar

Spondylosis and spondylitis are not the same condition, yet they do have certain similarities.

  • Both may result in stiffness and persistent back discomfort.
  • To control symptoms and stop progression, early identification and therapy are essential.
  • For both disorders, physical treatment and consistent exercise can help increase mobility and reduce pain.

Cervical Spondylosis vs. Cervical Spondylitis

One common location affected by both illnesses is the neck, sometimes known as the cervical spine. To further understand the distinct effects of cervical spondylosis vs cervical spondylitis on this area, compare the two conditions.

Cervical Spondylosis

Symptoms include headaches, numbness in the arms, and neck pain.

  • Causes: bone spurs and disc degeneration
  • Physical therapy, pain relief, and occasionally surgery are used as treatment

Cervical Spondylitis

  • Symptoms: Pain that gets better with movement, stiff neck
  • Causes: Inflammatory mechanisms, frequently inherited
  • Medication for inflammation and physical treatment

Spondylitis and Spondylosis Causes

Understanding the distinct causes of spondylosis and spondylitis is crucial for their effective management. By identifying the specific factors leading to each condition, targeted treatment plans can be developed.

  • Spondylosis: Mostly age-related wear and tear, with lifestyle and genetics playing a role as well.
  • Spondylitis: an inflammatory condition that may involve the immune system and has a significant hereditary propensity.

Spondylitis and Spondylosis Treatment

The best course of action for treating spondylosis and spondylitis differs based on the nature and severity of each individual case.

Conservative Methods of Care

  • Medication: muscle relaxants, anti-inflammatory drugs, and pain medications
  • Physical therapy: Back strengthening and flexibility exercises
  • Modifications to Lifestyle: Sustaining a healthy weight, proper posture, and consistent exercise

According to Dr. Priyank Patel, “A combination of medication and physical therapy can be highly effective in managing symptoms of both spondylosis and spondylitis.”

Interventions Surgical

Conservative measures such as medicine and physical therapy may not always be sufficient to alleviate spondylitis and spondylosis symptoms. Surgical interventions may be required when this occurs. A closer look at a few popular surgical options is provided below:

Fusion of the Spine

A spinal fusion procedure involves permanently joining two or more vertebrae to prevent them from moving apart. This may lessen discomfort and assist in stabilizing the spine.

  • The goal is to halt motion at a painful spinal region.
  • Process: The vertebrae are fused together using metal implants or bone grafts.
  • Recuperation: Patients typically require several months to fully recover after a few days in the hospital.


In order to release pressure on the spinal cord or nerves, a laminectomy entails removing the lamina, a portion of the vertebra.

  • Goal: To reduce discomfort, numbness, and weakness brought on by spinal stenosis.
  • Procedure: The lamina is cut away by the surgeon to make more room for the spinal cord and nerves.
  • Recuperation: A few days are usually spent in the hospital, and it may take several weeks to many months to fully recover.


A discectomy is the procedure used to remove a diseased disc segment from the spine that is putting pressure on a nerve.

  • Goal: To reduce discomfort brought on by a herniated disc.
  • Procedure: The piece of the disc that is protruding and compressing nerves is removed by the surgeon.
  • Recovery: Following a brief hospital stay, patients frequently return home the same day. A few weeks are often needed for recovery.

Replacement of the Cervical Disc

During this procedure, a damaged cervical disc is replaced with an artificial one.

  • Goal: To keep neck mobility while easing pain or other symptoms.
  • Procedure: The injured disc is removed by the surgeon, who then replaces it with an artificial disc.
  • Recovery: While hospital stays are often brief, recuperation can extend over many weeks.

When to Think About Having Surgery

Generally, surgery is thought of when-

Conventional therapies (pharmaceuticals, physical therapy) have not shown results.

  • Mobility and day-to-day living are greatly impacted by symptoms.
  • There is significant nerve compression that may result in irreversible harm.

In conclusion

When conservative measures fail to relieve symptoms, surgery for spondylosis and spondylitis can significantly reduce pain and enhance quality of life. It’s crucial to speak with an expert like Dr. Priyank Patel , Spine Specialist Doctor at Lilavati Hospital Mumbai to figure out the best course of action given your unique symptoms and condition. Recall that every patient’s road to recovery is different and that following your doctor’s advice is essential to a positive result.

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